增宏五金网 2021-01-08 14:14:17
问题2.Equipped with computers, managers today operate their firms with higher efficiency and less cost than they used to be.
operate a firm 经营>
run a firm
Before the widespread use of computers, managers could not make full use of large amounts of valuable information about a company's activities. The information either reached managers too late or was too expensive to be used. Today, managers are facing a wide range of data processing and information instruments.
make full use of 完全使用、充分利用
问题2.Today, conventional financial controls are still exercised in some minor areas such as billing and vocational training.
in place of =take place of =replace代替
In place of a few financial controls, managers can draw on computer-based information systems to control activities in every area of their company. On any kinds of performance measures, the information provided by these systems helps managers compare standards with actual results, find out problems, and take corrective action before it is too late to make changes.
问题3. It is unnecessary for a neighborhood baker to use a computer in his shop.
The introduction of computerized information systems has sharply changed management control in many companies. Even a neighborhood shopkeeper may now use computer to control sales, billing, and other activities. In large companies, electronic data processing systems monitor entire projects and sets of operations.
4.At present about 22% of American citizens possess a microcomputer.
22%:one for ten=every ten=one out of ten
ten percent=one tenth
22%=2.2 point one
Now, there are about 24 million microcomputers in use in the United States — one for every 22 citizens.
问题5.One thing that managers do not have to understand is how computer work.
It is estimated that by 2996, 62 percent of American managers will be using some sort of electronic work station. In order for managers to be sure that the computer-based information they are receiving is accurate, they need to understand how computers work.
问题6.In some cases managers have to learn how to write programs so as to work out computerized information systems that suit their own companies best.
so as to=so that=in order that
However, in most cases they do not need to learn how to program computers. Rather, managers should understand how computerized information systems work；how they are developed；their limitations and costs；and the manner in which information systems may be used. Such an understanding is not difficult to achieve.
问题7.Computerized firms would rather employ business graduates than computer science graduates because it is easier to train the former into qualified employees.
would rather A than B宁做A也不做B
prefer A to B宁愿 A也不B
be qualified for ……称职
qualify for v.
One research found that business firms were more successful in teaching basic infor